In this session we discuss the difference between the home template and the front page template. The Front Page Template only applies to a static front page and the Home Page Template always applies only to the Posts page.
But if both the home and front pages are customizable, why do they both exist? Now that is a WordPress issue, right? Well in fact, we can probably just see it by looking in the WordPress site here. If you go over to Settings and Reading, you can see this thing right here that says front page displays your latest post or a static page. And if it’s a static page, you pick the page as your front page and then you pick a page that’ll be your posts page. And this is a peculiarity of WordPress.
So if you are using a static front page then when you customize that front page, it’s not going to be applied anywhere because the front page template only applies to a static front page. And the home page template always applies only to the posts page. So your front page is either a static front page or a post page and if it’s a post page… in any case, the home page styles the post page and the front page template styles a static front page.